Updated: Nov 17
In the U.S., cannabis was widely utilized as a patent
medicine during the 19th and early 20th centuries, described in the United States Pharmacopoeia for the first time in 1850. Federal restriction of cannabis use and cannabis sale first occurred in 1937 with the passage of the Marihuana Tax Act. Hemp and Marijuana were added as a Schedule 1 Drug that demonstrates no medicinal value and a high chance for abuse in 1970. This event prohibited the research potential for medicinal uses of the plant. This is why
most physicians cannot speak to the evidence-based data when they are asked about CBD. Even though the U.S. holds 2 patents on CBD for the use of seizures (but that is a whole other giant- a similar demonstration of how the government has had its hands in the success for hemp and marijuana for decades).
Prior to 1937, the American government required farmers to grow 1 acre of hemp. Citizens could pay taxes with hemp and Former U.S. Presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson owned hemp farms. The United States relied on hemp for fiber use for rope, building material and clothing. In 1916, agricultural scientists discovered that one acre of hemp produces 4x the amount of pulp than that of one acre of wood producing pulp for paper. Scientists announced that the process of bleaching hemp paper was a more sustainable than that of bleaching wood pulp. Hemp showed consistent promise for its ability to capture carbon out of the air and trap it back into the soil where it helps diversify soil conditions. Carbon gives soil the ability to retain water and gives soil it’s fertility. By all angles, hemp seemed to be a miracle crop.
That is unless you own a mega newspaper company that recently invested in thousands of acres of timber and woodland acres for paper pulp cultivation. I’ll begin the story with William Hearst; owner of one of the largest newspaper and media outlets in the 1930’s. Hearst realized the threat that hemp posed to the paper industry and used his newly found political power to demonize the crop into non-existence. Hearst began publishing anti- hemp/cannabis propaganda with his media outlets; blaming immigrants as the reason marijuana was on its way to ruin society. Reefer Madness spread far and wide and the negative stigma of the hemp plant became ingrained in the minds of communities across the nation. By the 1930’s, Hearst’s media outlets reached around 20 million people. Hearst sensationalized reefer madness to save his paper company and he soon gained an ally with a similar mission. His name was Harry Ansligner.
Harry Ansligner became the director of the U.S. Tr